. . (171) tells us that already he has begun to suffer aching pangs of jealousy, even though he has vowed not to be of a jealous nature. Act 3, Scene 4 Desdemona chats with the clown and asks him to bring a message to Cassio that he should come visit her. In addition, she innocently refers to Cassio as a "suitor." Read Act 2, Scene 3 of Shakespeare's Othello, side-by-side with a translation into Modern English. jesses (261) straps for holding a hawk to the trainer's wrist. Letâs (Herald) A Herald reads out Othelloâs proclamation that in thanks for the victory over the Turks the night should be one of reveling. A street. / Tell me, Othello" (57-68). "All my fond love thus do I blow to heaven. Now he swears action, and Iago swears to help him. Othello hears, and his "O misery!" . One might profitably recall Iago's antithetical views on the same subject when he was talking with Cassio earlier. Act 3, scene 2 Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in Othello , which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Emilia decides to have a copy made to give to Iago, but he enters, sees the handkerchief, and snatches it from her. This dropped, unnoticed handkerchief should not escape our notice. Act 1, scene 3 The duke and the senators discuss the movements of the Turkish fleet and from your Reading List will also remove any Iago tells the Moor that only today he saw Cassio "wipe his beard" (439) with it. Equally important, this simile makes clear the absoluteness in Othello's character; once he has decided which course to take, he cannot turn back, and this decision does much to make plausible the almost incredible actions that follow. He pushes it from him and it falls unnoticed to the floor. A street. All these coincidences will fester later in Othello's subconscious as Iago continues to fire the Moor's jealousy. / To-morrow dinner then? About âOthello Act 2 Scene 3â Othello assigns Cassio to guard duty and warns him not to drink too much beforehand. This scene, often called the "temptation scene," is the most important scene in the entire play and one of the most well-known scenes in all drama. Obviously, he will do what his wife asks, but his thoughts are on other things. Perdition catch my soul, / But I do love thee! Lovingly he sighs, "Excellent wretch! Othello Act 1 Scene 2 - Overview and Analysis - Duration: 3:30. Never more shall he find repose. Answer the following questions on Act 2 Scene 3, which takes place in a castle in Cyprus: Othello tells Cassio to inspect the guard at night. Cassio, sobered, grieves for his lost reputation: "I have lost the immortal part of myself, and what remains is bestial" (242-244), and Iago replies "Reputation is an idle and most false imposition, often got without merit, and lost without deserving" (247-248). Desdemona willingly agrees, knowing that Cassio is an old friend of Othello's. Leteth Cassio and his hand kissing begin! Scene 2 Cyprus. Iago again says that his suspicions are likely false. Othello seems to be concerned with other matters. Perhaps she is merely young and eager to have her requests granted, or perhaps she is too eager to prove to herself that her new husband is obedient; whatever the reason, she harries Othello about when he will reinstate Cassio as his lieutenant: " . Othello is enraged to the point where he is convinced that absolutely all of his suspicions are true. About âOthello Act 3 Scene 3â The pivotal scene in Othello and one of the most complex and masterful scenes in Shakespeare. Act 2, Scene 3 Othello tells Cassio to keep the party under control. Once he felt he was one of the "great ones" (273); now his pride in himself and in Desdemona's love for him is destroyed. Desdemona jests to Cassio that she will "talk him [Othello] out of patience; / His bed shall seem a school . But he reminds Othello that Desdemona is a Venetian lady and "in Venice they [wives] do not let [even God] see the pranks / They dare not show their husbands" (202-203). Othello's soul is so hopelessly ensnared in Iago's web of treachery that he proclaims Iago as his new lieutenant and states tragically, "I am your own for ever" (449). 21 ). Once Othello is gone, Iago enters and joins Cassio on guard. Summary: Act II, scene iii Othello leaves Cassio on guard during the revels, reminding him to practice self-restraint during the celebration. . Then as both rise, Othello "greets" Iago's love and delegates a test of Iago's loyalty: See to it that Cassio is dead within three days. Here, fate plays a major role in this tragedy; not even Iago wholly arranged this swift, coincidental confrontation of Othello, Desdemona, and Cassio, and certainly the pathos of Desdemona's position here is largely due to no other factor than fate. The dramatic irony is especially keen here as Desdemona tells Cassio that she is convinced that she "will have [her] lord and [him] again / As friendly as [they] were" (6-7). . commands. Desdemona greets her husband and, without guilt, introduces Cassio's name into their conversation. In it, Iago speaks carefully and at length with Othello and plants the seeds of suspicion and jealousy which eventually bring about the tragic events of the play. Iago speaks, saying that it pains him to cause any harm to Cassio but that he must tell the truth as Othello commands. Desdemona, the well-meaning bride, has been talking with Cassio and tells him that she is sure that she can influence her husband in Cassio's behalf. Gender Foreshadowing Othello "She'd come again, and with a greedy ear / Devour up my discourse" (1.3.151-152) Brabantio "Where most you owe obedience?" When Othello enters, Iago sees that Othello cannot regain his peace of mind. Before the two men part, Iago goes to further pains to make Othello believe in his honesty and also to insure that Othello's jealousy has been sufficiently inflamed. (This too is ironically ominous; within an hour, Othello's notion of his marriage bed will be filled with false visions of Cassio.) And Iago approves of such a stance; he, of course, is in a position to let human nature run its course and "prove" what it wishes — irrationally. When Othello enters, it is evident to Iago, and to us, that he is a fallen man. But for now, Othello is without suspicion, even as his wife speaks openly of Cassio's wish to be reinstated as his lieutenant and of her own wish for their reconciliation. When shall he come? Iago seizes the opportunity to make an undermining comment — "Ha, I like not that" — that rankles in Othello's mind. In this simile, Othello stresses his high status (as we might expect a tragic hero to do), identifying himself with large and mighty elements of nature. Othello is ravaged by self-loathing, reduced to comparing himself to a dungeoned toad; he is cursed by a "destiny unshunnable" (275). In Act II, Scene 3, Iago told Cassio that "reputation is an idle and most false imposition; oft got without merit, and lost without deserving" (268-270). Othello's mind and soul are torn with irrational images of Desdemona's infidelity and of his own unworthiness. Desdemona's final lines here are prophetic: As Cassio's solicitor, she would "rather die / Than give [his] cause away" (27-28). Ironically, it is Desdemona's innocent attempt to reconcile Othello with Cassio that gives Iago the opportunity to wreak vengeance upon Othello, thereby causing the murder and suicide that bring this tragedy to its violent conclusion. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Here he prods Othello's memory to recall that Desdemona and Cassio have known each other for some time. An open place near the quay. Cassio speaks to Desdemona, asking her to intercede with Othello on his behalf. Yet Iago must be sure that Othello is sufficiently mad; therefore, he makes reference to Desdemona's handkerchief with its intricate strawberry embroidery; Othello immediately remembers it as the very one he gave to his wife. Iago's words here are filled with forceful innuendo, and as he pretends to be a man who cannot believe what he sees, he reintroduces jealousy into Othello's subconscious. Here, compare this madman, incensed by Iago's poison, with the noble Moor who, only a few hours ago, repeatedly demonstrated such complete command of himself. When the Moor and Iago enter, Cassio excuses himself hurriedly, saying that he is too ill at ease to speak with the general at this time. But now this mental torment of suspicion gnaws at him until he knows no peace. By the end of Act III, Scene 3, Iago has secured a shaky dominance over Othello. . Here, Iago seemingly holds reputation in the highest esteem; it is the "jewel of [a man's] soul" ("who steals my purse steals trash . . Get an answer for 'In Iago's soliloquy in Act 2, Scene 3, lines 303-328, why does Shakespeare use so many contrasts and references to hell, and what effect does this have?' Convulsed with introspection, he curses his black skin and his lack of social graces and also the fact that he is "into the vale of years" (266) (he is much older than Desdemona) — all these things, he fears, could turn a woman from her husband's bed. By this time, Othello's suspicions will be ripe with Iago's "poison" (325), for "trifles light as air / Are to the jealous confirmations strong / As proofs of holy writ" (322-324). Othello is beside himself. I'll intermingle everything he does / With Cassio's suit" (23-26). Desdemona could not purposely have chosen a worse time to mention Cassio's name to her husband. At last Othello utters a true appraisal of Iago: "villain, be sure thou prove my love a whore" (359). CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. But because Othello sees nothing amiss, Iago must make a show of not wanting to speak of it, or of Cassio, while all the time insinuating that Cassio was not just leaving, but that he was "steal[ing] away so guilty-like" (39). Othello sees himself as an old man, an old cuckold, one who has treasured Desdemona blindly, beyond reason. høt¡ â _rels/.rels ¢( ¬ÛJ1ïß!Ì}7Û*"ÒloDèÈú c2»ÝH¦Ò¾½¡àaa-½Ó?_òÏz³w£x§mð (1.3.182) âStolân from me and corruptedâ (1.3.62) Desdemona âA moth of happily (238) [Archaic] haply, by chance. Iago urges Othello to be patient, arguing that he may change his mind, and there follows the well-known Pontic Sea (i.e., the Black Sea) simile, in which Othello compares his "bloody thoughts" (447) to the sea's compulsive current, one which never ebbs but keeps on its course until it reaches its destination, the junction of the Propontic and the Hellespont (453-460). . Iago bids the Moor not to rise yet, and he himself kneels and dedicates himself to "wrong'd Othello's service" (467). / to-morrow night; on Tuesday morn; / On Tuesday noon, or night; on Wednesday morn. Othello voices his old fears that Brabantio was right, that it was unnatural for Desdemona to love him, that he was too horrible to be loved, and that it could not last. Iago also urges Othello to recall that Desdemona deceived her own father by marrying Othello. She is puzzled by his request, but now she has an opportunity to have the embroidery pattern copied, and she can give it to her whimsical husband. Certainty has freed his mind from doubt and confusion. Then Cassio seized Iago's hand, kissed him hard on the mouth, and threw his leg over Iago's thigh, kissing him all the while, and cursing fate, which "gave [Desdemona] to the Moor!" His speech is fevered, sweeping and frantic; he believes that his wife has been unfaithful to him. PK ! . Ironically also, when the curtains for this act part, they reveal the loveliest scene in the entire play: the garden of the Cyprian castle. Removing #book# (1 line) Enter Othelloâs Herald with a proclamation; people following. It is necessary to remember throughout the play and especially in this scene that Iago has a reputation for complete honesty. Enter a Herald with a proclamation; People following Herald It is Othello's pleasure, our noble and valiant general, that, upon certain tidings now arrived, importing the mere perdition of the Turkish fleet, every man Neither the opium of poppies nor the distillation of the mandrake root will help him find sleep. U
®³îÞ9ò. Cornered, Iago produces the dream story: Cassio spoke in his sleep, embraced him, called him Desdemona, and cursed the Moor. Cassio will keep it and then Othello will see it in the ex-lieutenant's possession. I like not that!" Chapter Summary for William Shakespeare's Othello, act 1 scene 3 summary. (427) he cries. . Need help with Act 3, scene 3 in William Shakespeare's Othello? He is consumed with doubt and suspicion. By the end of Act III, Scene 3, Iago has secured a shaky dominance over Othello. He tries to tell himself that it is not true. "O monstrous! Othello contents ãªã»ããèªã å¯¾è¨³ããªã»ããç®æ¬¡ Othello Contents List of Characters ç»å ´äººç©ä¸è¦§ Act 1 ç¬¬ä¸å¹ Scene 1: Venice. Iago asks Othello whether he is properly married, warning that he is at risk from Brabantio and needs everything to be as legal as possible. He turns to his general and fawns over his master's distress, noting that Othello is "eaten up with passion" (391). If he indeed finds her false, he'll "whistle her off and let her down the wind / To prey at fortune" (262-263) — that is, he will turn her out and make her shift for herself. His "Ha! ã§ã¤ã¯ã¹ãã¢ Othello Act 2 ç¬¬äºå¹ SCENE 1. "Othello Act 3 Scene 2" Track Info . hold her free (255) believe her to be guiltless. They go in to dinner, and Emilia picks up the fallen handkerchief, one that her husband, Iago, often urged her to steal from Desdemona. The characters in the play, however, with the exception of Iago, are blind to Iago's duplicitous nature. And it is at this point that Iago, who is ready to make the most of every incident and occasion, begins to taint Othello's belief in Desdemona's fidelity. The Moor, he says, has taught him a valuable lesson. A Sea-port in Cyprus. Even now Othello's blood "burn[s] like the mines of sulphur" (329). He exits to have a romantic evening with Desdemona. ãªãå¾è
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