We believe art has the power to transform lives and to build understanding across cultures. Built by Uqba ibn Nafi, an Arab general, around 680 AD (it is also called the Mosque of Uqba), this is the first mosque in the Islamic West. Previously, it was forbidden to count them, on pain of blinding.  Founder:- Kairouan flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the 9th century. At the time of its construction, it was one of the largest in the world. Okba Ben Nafi is credited with converting Kairouan to Islam and founding its Great Mosque in 670. Soon after this mosque, Charlemagne built his palace at Aachen. The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. whole, its sober features not lacking in elegance. Kairouan is considered to be the Maghreb’s most ancie… An interconnected world is not as recent as we think. religious building in the Moslem West. Sort by: Top Voted. However, the mosque we see today is essentially ninth century. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. northern foothills, where he established his troupes built in 670 during the first campaign to annex Shortly thereafter, Kairouan became the religious center and capital of Tunisia. We believe that the brilliant histories of art belong to everyone, no matter their background. By the founder of Kairouan it was built, he was the Sidi Oqba, for that as the Sidi Oqba Mosque is also known the mosque. So, in 670 CE, conquering general Sidi Okba constructed a Friday Mosque ( masjid-i jami` or jami`) in what was becoming Kairouan in modern day Tunisia. Around 690, shortly after its construction, the mosque was destroyed during the occupation of Kairouan by the Berbers, originally conducted by Kusaila. The first mosque constructed on this site in Kairouan, Tunisia was commissioned by Uqba Ibn Nafi in 670. Almost all were taken from the ruins of Carthage. He erected the building on the site of an older mosque, originally constructed by Uqba ibn Nafi at the time of the 670 AD Arab conquest of Byzantine North Africa. The Great Mosque of Kairouan in Tunisia is the instance of typical hypostyle mosque. government of the province of Ifriqiya and an The Aghlabids (800-909 C.E.) floral motifs carved in fine marble decorates The Great Mosque of Kairouan: Impressive - See 527 traveler reviews, 796 candid photos, and great deals for Kairouan, Tunisia, at Tripadvisor. It is supposed to be the earliest one distributed throughout the Islamic world. Medieval period. materials used for its construction all came from In 836, Prince Ziyadat Allah I tore down most of the earlier mudbrick structure and rebuilt it in more permanent stone, brick, and wood. Indeed, the building Donate or volunteer today! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. the building, in particular the minaret, reflects It was more or less the aspect the Great Mosque has retained English: Interior view of the prayer hall of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, in Tunisia. Today, the enclosure of the Great Mosque of Kairouan is pierced by nine gates (six opening on the courtyard, two opening on the prayer hall and a ninth allows access to the maqsura) some of them, such as Bab Al-Ma (gate of water) located on the western façade, are preceded by salient porches flanked by buttresses and surmounted by ribbed domes based on square tholobate which are porting squinches with three vaults. Kairouan (from UNESCO) Next lesson. If there is any building that is venerated and treated with so much reverence in Islam, it is the mosque. So, in 670 CE, conquering general Sidi Okba constructed a Friday Mosque ( masjid-i jami` or jami`) in what was becoming Kairouan in modern day Tunisia. A Friday Mosque is used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day, Friday. The Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil was commissioned by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil. The history of the Great Mosque of Kairouan: In 670 in Kairouan was built the first mosque, to North Africa of Muslim Arabs shortly after the arrival. . The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر‎) is situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia. The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba) is considered as one of th… The original mosque was destroyed around 690 AD but was rebuilt in the following century. A Friday Mosque is used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy day, Friday. Kairouan is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was founded by the Arabs in around 670 AD. In 863 by the Emir Abou Ibrahim Ahmad was built the current mosque. The Great Mosque of Kairouan. Dome of the Rock. Restored starting in 1962, the mosque is considered one of the most prestigious religious monuments in the country. The Islamic governors of Tunisia built the Great Mosque at Kairouan in the 800s AD, in the time of the Abbasid Empire. Kairouan is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was founded by the Arabs in around 670 AD. It was destroyed and rebuilt in 703 by Hassan Ibn Numan. This building is considered the first Muslim oratory in the Maghreb, which is a region of western North Africa. We created Smarthistory to provide students around the world with the highest-quality educational resources for art and cultural heritage—for free. as exuberant: a true explosion of geometric and The first mosque in Samarra was built in 836, but it was replaced between 848 and 852 by the Great Mosque of al-Mutawakkil. However, Arab geographers and historians of the Middle Ages Al-Muqaddasi and Al-Bakrirep… Help Smarthistory continue to make a difference, Help make art history relevant and engaging, Arts of the Islamic world: The early period, Arts of the Islamic world: The medieval period, Dado Panel, Courtyard of the Royal Palace of Mas’ud III, The Great Mosque (or Masjid-e Jameh) of Isfahan, Arts of the Islamic world: The later period, Introduction to the court carpets of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires, Mimar Sinan, Süleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul, Mimar Sinan, Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Istanbul, https://smarthistory.org/the-great-mosque-of-kairouan/. Outside the town is the zāwiyah (seat of a religious fraternity) of… A total of 80,000 Muslims could worship there at the same time. oratory of mud-bricks, which, in the IXth century, As this is the place where we worship Almighty Allah (SWT), it is understandable that we attach so much importance to a mosque. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. When the Great Mosque of Uqba came into view, it was immediately obvious why the structure—built by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD—is considered one of … During the eighth century, Sidi Okba’s mosque was rebuilt at least twice as Kairouan prospered. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, also called the Mosque of Uqba, is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, it is spread over a surface area of 9,000 square meters and it is one of the oldest places of worship in the Islamic world. There are 414 marble, granite and porphyry columns in the mosque. the Islamic conquest, yet the general aspect of The Great Mosque of Kairouan is a singular monument, Ifriqiya to the emerging Moslem empire. Kairouan is regarded as a very holy city by Muslims and the Sidi Oqba Mosque is the first mosque built in Africa and is regarded as being the fourth most important mosque in Islam after the great mosques in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The Great Mosque of Cordoba. After The Great Mosque of Cordoba. The only component that might have been saved was the mihrab. In the 20th century it … its perfect harmony masking a unique architectural camp”- al qayrawan - on the edge of the Mosque in Kairouan Also known as Sidi Okba Mosque, after the founder of Kairouan who built the first mosque on this site in AD 670, this is North Africa’s holiest Islamic site. Cite this page as: Dr. Colette Apelian, "The Great Mosque of Kairouan," in, Featured | Art that brings U.S. history to life, At-Risk Cultural Heritage Education Series. This was the same time as the reign of Charlemagne. The Great Mosque, also known as the Sidi Oqba mosque, had its simple beginnings in 670 AD, during the time of Uqba ibn Nafi, the original founder of Kairouan. In fact most of the column stems and capitals were taken from ruins of earlier-period buildings, while others were produced locally. After having chosen the location of the “military camp”- al qayrawan - on the edge of the northern foothills, where he established his troupes after the first victorious offensive, general Okba Ibn Nafaa … In Kairouan …acres [30 hectares]) contains the Great Mosque, with a 115-foot- (35-metre-) high minaret. The Mosque has Aghlabid architecture and appears as a fortress on a hill. It forms an original after being remodelled several times, took on The Great Mosque of Kairouan. The great example of this type is the first mosque building, the house of Prophet Muhammad. pulpit. HISTORY The great mosque of Kairouan was built under the provinces of Ifriqiya, which the Arab annexed in AD 670, at which time they founded the city of Kairouan. ancient sites dating to different periods predating Originally built by Sīdī ʿUqbah in the 7th century, the present mosque is the fifth mosque built on the site and dates from Aghlabid times. The first and the basic type of mosque is the hypostyle mosque. The mosque, as it stands today, was built by the Aghlabid governor of Kairouan, Ziyadat Allah, between 817 and 838. The mosque was originally constructed by a general named Uqba ibn Nafi (also written as Sidi Okba) as a Friday Mosque (masjid-i jami` or jami`), used for communal prayers on the Muslim holy … The Great Mosque of Kairouan, known also as the Mosque of Uqba, is located in Tunisia and was built in 670 AD, the year of the city’s establishment by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi. As for its internal decoration, it can be termed This is undoubtedly the most ancient Islamic It continued to be used until 1278 when it was partially destroyed during the Hulag… During the next century, a large courtyard was included, a pool was built, and the minaret wa… after the first victorious offensive, general It has been suggested that the design of Christian church towers was brought by the Muslims from Syria to their western territories. having chosen the location of the “military Up Next. Okba Ibn Nafaa proceeded to build a seat for the History: The Great Mosque at Kairouan inherited the site of the first Muslim oratory in the Maghreb, which was built by ‘Uqba ibn Nafi in 50 (670). distant oriental influences. The original mosque was completely destroyed, and most of what stands today was built by the Aghlabids in the 9th century. Start studying 8 The Great Mosque of Kairouan. The mosque, as it stands today, was built by Ziyadat Allah, between 817 and 838 AD. to this day. Located in: Kairouan, Tunisia The Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia was originally built as a Friday Mosque to be used for communal prayer on the Muslim holy day of Friday by the general Sidi Okba in 670 AD. the direction of Mecca, or carved on the precious The city's main attraction is the Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba, which is said to largely consist of its original building materials. It was built in 670 during the first campaign to annex Ifriqiya to the emerging Moslem empire. The mosque was originally a hypostyle mosque, however it was mostly torn down and rebuilt in 863 AD by Prince Ziyadat Allah I. But the mosque at Kairouan was much grander than anything being built in Northern Europe at this time It remained the capital until 1057, when the city was plundered by the seminomadic Hilalians, or Banu Hilal, an Arab tribe. Kairouan - Discover Great Mosque of Kairouan and live the real experience with the Green Michelin Guide - find useful information and opening times - Great Mosque of Kairouan Huge ochre-coloured walls surround the Great Mosque, which was built in the 7C and is considered to be one of the oldest in the Maghreb. Kairouan is regarded as a very holy city by Muslims and the Sidi Oqba Mosque is the first mosque built in Africa and is regarded as being the fourth most important mosque in Islam after the great mosques in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. The prayer hall or sanctuary is supported by rows of columns and there is an open courtyard, that are characteristic of a hypostyle pl… Established by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD at the founding of the city of Kairouan, the mosque occupies an area of over 9,000 square metres (97,000 sq ft). The current structure, however, dates to the 9th century AD. Over the next 30 years, several additions and partial reconstructions were made. This is undoubtedly the most ancient Islamic religious building in the Moslem West. wooden panels composing the minbar, the preacher’s The Mosque of Uqba (Arabic: جامع عقبة‎), also known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan (جامع القيروان الأكبر), is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan. Spiraling up from the ground, the remaining minaret of the Great Mosque of Samarra is the the most prominent of the remaining structures of a mosque that was once the largest in the world. “syncretism”. 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