[3], When Malwa's Sultán Mahmúd II and his sons were being conveyed to the fortress of Champaner, Ráisingh, Rája of Pál, endeavoured to rescue them. Bahadur Shah, also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam and Shah Alam was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. Banda took position in the fort of Lohgarh wherefrom he gave fight.’ After a prolonged bloody encounter the fort gave in and a spree of senseless massacre and loot was perpetrated by the Mughal army. At the time of the latter's death his eldest surviving son, Prince Muazim, was governor of Kabul, and in his absence the next brother, Azam Shah, assumed the functions of royalty. As soon as Humáyún departed, the country rose against the Mughals, and his old nobles requested the king to join them. At last as Mahmúd failed to attend Bahádur said he would go and meet Mahmúd. Bahadur had no son, hence there was some uncertainty regarding succession after his death. Bahadur Shah 2. In 1707, Guru Gobind Singh accepted an invitation by Aurangzeb's successor Bahadur Shah I to meet him. Qutb-ud-Din Bahadur Shah, born Bahadur Khan was a sultan of the Muzaffarid dynasty who reigned over the Gujarat Sultanate, a late medieval kingdom in India from 1526 to 1535 and again from 1536 to 1537. The Sikhs reached the suburbs of Lahore where they were halted by the Muslims of Lahore. [3], Bahadur Shah had sent a delegation headed by ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Asaf Khan to Ottoman Empire in 1530s. Muhammad Amin Khan was appointed wazir on the imprisonment of Abdullah Khan but he died a year after. When he recovered his kingdom, Bahádur, repenting of his alliance with the Portuguese, went to Sorath to persuade an army of Portuguese, whom he had asked to come to his assistance, to return to Goa. Ghulam Hussain, the author of Seir-ul-Mutakherin observes that ‘Young and handsome, and fond of all kinds of pleasures, he addicted himself to an inactive life, which entirely enervated the energy of the emperor’. [1] [2] He ascended to throne after competing with his brothers. Jullundur Doab and the country around were raided, plundered and freed by the Sikhs. Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه ‎ Bahādur Shāh) (14 October 1643, Burhanpur–27 February 1712, Lahore) was a Mughal Emperor, who ruled India from 1707 to 1712. Before he arrived the Portuguese had taken to flight, leaving behind them an enormous gun which the Sultán ordered to be dragged to Chámpáner. But desultory fighting continued and the Sikhs were on the whole pre­dominant and the north-western road from Delhi was effectively closed by the Sikhs. Banda defeated the Mughal comman­dant at Sonpat, sacked the town of Sadhaura, killed the commandant of Sirhind. [1] Fearing for his life, Bahadur Khan fled Gujarat, first seeking refuge with Chittor, and then with Ibrahim Lodi. As Khafi Khan remarks: ‘In the brief reign of Jandahar Shah violence had full sway. At this time Muhammad Khán, ruler of Asír and Burhánpur (both of Khandesh), requested Bahádur's aid on behalf of Imád-ul-Mulk, ruler of Berar. [3] These events were followed by the 1538 Siege of Diu which resulted in the permanent occupation of Diu by Portuguese which lasted till 1961. The only event of Sikandar's reign was the destruction of an army sent against his brother Latíf Khán who was helped by Rána Bhím of Munga (now Chhota Udaipur). Sháh Táhir declined saying he must make a pilgrimage to Mecca. [3], Before 1532 was over, Bahádur Sháh quarrelled with Humayun, the Mughal emperor of Delhi. 0 rating rating ratings . )", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahadur_Shah_of_Gujarat&oldid=995720647, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 15:03. Content Guidelines 2. The only important achievement of the reign was the extermination of rebel Sikh Guru Banda. Zul- Fiqar Khan, a leader of the Irani party brought all the three brothers by a secret arrangement to stand against Azim-ush-Shan and to di­vide the empire between themselves with Zul-Fiqar as the common minister. After Aurangzeb's death his eldest son by his chief consort, Muhammad Azam Shah, declared himself successor, but was shortly defeated in one of the largest battles of India, the Battle of Jajau and overthrown by Bahadur Shah. The Rána's ambassadors complained of encroachments on Chittor by Mahmúd II of Malwa Sultanate. 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