The Great Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important Islamic monument in the West, and one of the world’s most amazing sites. I want to visit Cordoba so badly! Too beautiful to be believed! New York: H.N. Cordoba is a two hour train ride south of Madrid, and draws visitors from all over the world. As the mihrab does not follow the the qibla direction, it has been proposed that this is because the Mezquita is built in reference to the old Roman Cardo (north-south thoroughfare). Web. The elements that make this structure so important vary. Demirhan, Meryem. It’s truly very beautiful and a lovely place to visit too! Nuns visit the Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba on October 14, 2014. . This is one I had to research for my Art History class and hope to visit some day. Gorgeous pictures! The development of the Great Mosque paralleled these new heights of splendour. Great Mosque of Mecca, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Ka‘bah, the holiest shrine in Islam. Historical Significance. I’m a architecture fan and that mosque looks spectacular. Desiring the magnificent edifice for their new place of worship, the local bishop ritualistically cleansed the building and declared it a Catholic cathedral. Hopefully you will enjoy the beauty and the culture of the places I’ve seen as much as I do. But these elements are not all that make this work an important part of art history. xo Caitlin. I love all the little details at Cordoba and how unique it is. It is a master piece of architectural ingenuity having a decisive influence on the maturity of mosque architecture all over the Muslim World. In 1236 C.E., immediately after the fall of Cordoba this magnificent mosque was converted into a Catholic church. 14 Nov. 2014. Hello and welcome to my blog! In the southern half of Spain, in one of the oldest cities in the region, lies one of the most unique structures in religious history. The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, also known as the Great Mosque and the Mezquita, is one of the most-visited sites in Spain, and it has the crowds to match. 12 Nov. 2014. And the history is quite fascinating. Ross, Nancy. The Great Mosque of Cordoba is a monument to the religious changes that have taken place in Spain since the area was first populated. In 1252, Alfonso X succeeded King Ferdinand III and received permission from the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to make the most extreme change of all: the insertion a full-sized Renaissance-style Catholic cathedral into the center of The Great Mosque of Cordoba, the removal of all but one minaret, and that one was converted into a bell tower. For centuries Rome ruled the area that they named Hispania Ulterior Baetica, of which Cordoba was the capital. . It is the use of those common features and characteristics that made this structure the fascinating marvel that it is. In the 20th century it … And I’m sure it’s even more amazing in person. Labatt, Annie. A symbol and reminder to the world of the golden civilisation that Muslims built in Europe over one thousand years ago. Web. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 June 2014. “Features and Characteristics.” Santa Iglesia Catedral De Córdoba. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. As for the style of the arches attached to those columns, that, too, is unique. Learning about the past by traveling in the present. The placement of multiple rows of arches in the layout of a church was something that was very common. The Great Mosque of Cordoba displays these patterns by way of mosaic, which was “the most lavish way to decorate” at that time (Ross). Wow! THE MEANING OF THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA IN THE TENTH CENTURY The Great Mosque of Cordoba is universally recognized as one of the most singular monuments of medieval architecture. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. What a spectacularly fascinating piece of architecture and amazing history! The extensive use of arches and columns makes the gallery look much larger than it is and gives the illusion that it goes on for forever. Constructed over two centuries, work began on the Mezquita by the Emir of Cordoba, Abd ar-Rahman I in 784 AD. The Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba is the most important monument of all the Western Islamic world, and one of the most amazing in the world. Taking the form of a discrete chamber, and richly ornamented with carved marble and gold mosaics, the mihrab is the focal point of the mosque’s prayer hall as expanded during the reign of the second Andalusi Umayyad caliph, al-Hakam II (r. 961-76). In Muqarnas Volume XIII: An Annual on the Visual Culture of the Islamic World. The Muslim invasion of the Cordoba peninsula took place in 711 AD. Inside the Great Mosque of Cordoba are further examples of interlacing arches, poly-lobed arches, horseshoe arches, interlacing horseshoe arches and the standard single arch. . . Upon seeing the completed structure for himself, Emperor Charles V is said to have declared, “they have taken something unique in all the world and destroyed it to build something you can find in any city” (Wikipedia). These other structures had a distinct separation of arches because the second or third sets of arches were usually on a second or third floor of the building. The horseshoe arch is a Visigothic feature, the interlacing horseshoe arch is a Christian feature and the alternating stone and red brick comes from the Byzantine tradition. Aside from putting a twist on the traditional style of bi-level arches, the Great Mosque of Cordoba utilized a wide variety of arch designs and placement. I love writing about historical sites. 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