. Gen. John B. Floyd, who had just arrived following an unsuccessful assignment under Robert E. Lee in western Virginia. On May 9, Smith made Buckner his chief of staff. [8][9] He was assigned to garrison duty at Sackett's Harbor on Lake Ontario until August 28, 1845, when he returned to the Academy to serve as an assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics. Grant's forces also controlled nearby rivers and railroads. [12], Buckner was again cited for gallant conduct at the Battle of Molino del Rey, and was appointed a brevet captain. [16], Fort Donelson was named for Brig. He took a hiatus from teaching to serve in the Mexican–American War, participating in many of the major battles of that conflict. Pillow left early on the morning of February 12 to argue these orders with General Floyd himself leaving Buckner in charge of the fort. Gott, pp. The Confederate artillery pummeled the fleet and the assault was over by 4:30 p.m. Foote was wounded (coincidentally in his foot). Through the center of the Confederate line ran the marshy Indian Creek, this point defended primarily by artillery overlooking it on each side. Following his resignation, he was assigned to a recruiting post at Fort Columbus. 174–75; Woodworth, p. 91. On March 26, 1855, Buckner resigned from the Army to work with his father-in-law, who had extensive real estate holdings in Chicago, Illinois. On September 19 and 20, the Confederate forces attacked and emerged victorious at the Battle of Chickamauga. Seeing the hopeless situation he was in, Wilder informed Buckner that he wanted to surrender. [23], "Kentucky Governor Simon Bolivar Buckner", National Governors Association, Hamlin Garland Papers, Doheny Library, University of Southern California. The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought February 12–16, 1862 in the American Civil War. Rumors began to swirl in both Union and Confederate camps that Smith and Buckner would not surrender, but would fall back to Mexico with soldiers who remained loyal to the Confederacy. Buckner assembled 61 companies to defend Kentucky's neutrality. From there, Buckner's unit traveled to Bragg's supply base at Ringgold, Georgia, then on to Lafayette and Chickamauga. [87], Following the deaths of Stephen D. Lee and Alexander P. Stewart in 1908, Buckner became the last surviving Confederate soldier with the rank of lieutenant general. Some wounded men caught between the lines burned to death in grass fires ignited by the artillery. The Prohibition Party and the Union Labor Party also nominated candidates for governor. Once past the fixed river batteries, Fort Donelson would have been defenseless. ", The officers and men are to be "paroled until duly exchanged.". Grant never suspected his superiors were considering relieving him, but he was well aware that any delay or reversal might be an opportunity for Halleck to lose his nerve and cancel the operation. ". [8], On the Union side, Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, Grant's superior as commander of the Department of the Missouri, was also apprehensive. Gen. John A. McClernand, who had some reservations. The official results of the election gave Buckner a plurality of 16,797 over Bradley. Esposito, map 29: 11,500. Because of the proximity of the enemy lines and the active sharpshooters, the soldiers could not light campfires for warmth or cooking, and both sides were miserable that night, many having arrived without blankets or overcoats. USS Essex and USS Cincinnati had been damaged at Fort Henry and were being repaired. On land the well-armed Union soldiers surrounded the Confederates, while the Union boats, although damaged, still controlled the river. He urged Bragg to engage Buell there before he reached Louisville, but Bragg declined. Despite two hours of repeated counterattacks, the Confederates could not repel Smith from the captured earthworks. The small town was important for Union forces to maintain communication with Louisville if they decided to press southward to Bowling Green and Nashville. [37] The following day he was promoted to major general[38] and ordered to Chattanooga, Tennessee, to join Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Mississippi. I propose to move immediately upon your works. Wallace, Isabel, and William Hervy Lamme Wallace. There was general agreement that Fort Donelson was probably untenable. [17] Buckner was to move his division across Wynn's Ferry Road and act as rear guard for the remainder of the army as it withdrew from Fort Donelson and moved east. ", Animated history of the Battles of Forts Henry and Donelson, Newspaper coverage of the Battle of Fort Donelson, Battles for Forts Henry, Heiman & Donelson, American Civil War: Battle of Fort Donelson, Battle of Fort Donelson: Brief Summary of Location, Strategies, and Casualties, Siege of Fort Donelson, 12–16 February 1862, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. General Floyd, concerned he would be tried for treason if captured by the North, sought Buckner's assurance that he would be given time to escape with some of his Virginia regiments before the army surrendered. For unknown reasons Haynie never fully took control and the attack was repulsed. Later, he was offered and accepted the same rank solely based on his conduct at Churubusco. . [28] Of the 500 Confederate shots fired, St. Louis was hit 59 times, Carondelet 54, Louisville 36, and Pittsburg 20 times. Disgusted at the show of cowardice, a furious Nathan Bedford Forrest announced, "I did not come here to surrender my command." The Union forces proceeded about 5 miles (8 km) on the two main roads leading between the two forts. Buckner surrendered. He resigned the post in October of the same year. Kurz & Allison, Art Publishers [1887]. [13], The Western Gunboat Flotilla under Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote consisted of four ironclad gunboats (flagship USS St. Louis, USS Carondelet, USS Louisville, and USS Pittsburg) and three timberclad (wooden) gunboats (USS Conestoga, USS Tyler, and USS Lexington). Buckner was stunned by the tone of Grant’s reply and had to reread it several times. Pillow, normally quite aggressive in battle, was unnerved and announced that since their movement had been detected, the breakout had to be postponed. Two hours into the battle, Gen. Pillow realized that Buckner's wing was not attacking alongside his. [58], At Fort Donelson, Tennessee, Buckner had become the first Confederate general of the war to surrender an army; at New Orleans, he became the last. Wood, who would become a Union Army general opposing Buckner at the Battle of Perryville and the Battle of Chickamauga during the Civil War. The ticket was endorsed by several major newspapers including the Chicago Chronicle, Louisville Courier-Journal, Detroit Free Press, Richmond Times, and New Orleans Picayune. Follow 79 to Fort Donelson Shores Rd in Dover (32.7 miles)- Continue on Ft. Donelson Shores Dr to General Buckner Dr (approx .7 miles) Interior Features Appliances N/A Heating N/A Cooling N/A Basement N/A Number of Fireplaces N/A Fireplaces Description N/A Living Area Year Built N/A Number of Stories N/A Virtual Tour View in a new tab. [81] Seeing that he would not be able to win the seat in light of this opposition, he withdrew from the race in July 1895. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, … [1] He was never found. Ignoring Buckner's clear intent to veto special interest bills, the 1890 legislature passed 300 more special interest bills than had its predecessor. After the war, Buckner accepted an invitation to return to West Point to teach infantry tactics. [9], On February 6, Grant wired Halleck: "Fort Henry is ours. His failed proposals included creation of a department of justice, greater local support for education and better protection for forests. Around 8:00 a.m. McClernand sent a message requesting assistance from Lew Wallace, but Wallace had no orders from Grant, who was still absent, to respond to an attack on a fellow officer and declined the initial request. [77], When a tax cut passed over Buckner's veto in 1890 drained the state treasury, the governor loaned the state enough money to remain solvent until tax revenue came in. Gold standard Democrats opposed Bryan and the free silver platform. [81] In spite of his withdrawal, he still received 9 of the 134 votes cast in the General Assembly. Gen. John B. Floyd, launched a surprise attack, led by his second-in-command, Brig. Buckner joined many of his fellow generals in publicly denouncing Bragg's performance during the campaign. Gen. William J. Hardee and was stationed in Bowling Green, Kentucky. On the Union left, C. F. Smith sent two of his four brigades (under Cols. No formal records were taken of the Confederates who surrendered and estimates vary. Pillow did not like their plan. Not expecting a land assault from the Confederates, he was up before dawn and had headed off to visit Flag Officer Foote on his flagship downriver. Grant arrived on February 12 and established his headquarters near the left side of the front of the line, at the Widow Crisp's house. Fort Donelson. Union forces might attack Columbus; they might attack Fort Donelson and thereby threaten Nashville, Tennessee; or Grant and Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell, who was quartered in Louisville with 45,000 men, might attack Johnston head-on, with Grant following behind Buell. Confederate gunners waited until the gunboats were within 400 yards (370 m) to return fire. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant from an obscure and largely unproven leader to the rank of major general, and earned him the nickname of "Unconditional Surrender" Grant. Forrest's troops, sent out by Buckner, spotted a detachment from McClernand's division and opened fir… After hearing sounds of artillery fire, Pillow returned to Fort Donelson to resume command. 1, No. "Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.". "[34] This time Wallace sent a brigade, under Col. Charles Cruft, to aid McClernand. Any large-scale escape would be difficult. [15] The garrison troops were commanded by Col. John W. Head and the cavalry by Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest. Pillow therefore refused to release Buckner’s division stationed at Fort Donelson. Grant was aware Buckner was in Fort Donelson, but he was not likely to know that Buckner was now in command of the fort. [5] Buckner's father was an iron worker, but found that Hart County did not have sufficient timber to fire his iron furnace. At Fort Donelson, Tennessee, Buckner had become the first Confederate general of the war to surrender an army; at New Orleans, he became the last. [32], The attack was initially successful because of the inexperience and poor positioning of McClernand's troops and a flanking attack from the Confederate cavalry under Forrest. They were delayed most of the day by a cavalry screen commanded by Nathan Bedford Forrest. Instead, the responsibility went to Brig. There were three miles (5 km) of trenches in a semicircle around the fort and the small town of Dover. When his father-in-law died in 1856, Buckner inherited his property and moved to Chicago to manage it. (At the start of the attack on Fort Donelson, Wallace was a brigade commander in reserve at Fort Henry, but was summoned on February 14 and charged with assembling a new division that included reinforcements arriving by steamship, including Charles Cruft's brigade on loan from Buell.) After joining the army, Buckner was sent by General Albert Sidney Johnston to be one of the brigadier generals in charge of defending Fort Donelson, an important fortification built along the Cumberland River. Jacob Lauman and John Cook) to test the defenses along his front. Floyd was a wanted man in the North for alleged graft and secessionist activities when he was Secretary of War in the James Buchanan administration. "[10] This self-imposed deadline was overly optimistic due to three factors: miserable road conditions on the twelve-mile march to Donelson, the need for troops to carry supplies away from the rising flood waters (by February 8, Fort Henry was completely submerged),[11] and the damage that had been sustained by Foote's Western Gunboat Flotilla in the artillery duel at Fort Henry. Two regiments of Col. William R. Morrison's brigade, along with one regiment, the 48th Illinois, from Col. W.H.L. Gen. Gideon J. Pillow (Grant's opponent at his first battle at Belmont). By 9:30 a.m., as the lead Union brigades were falling back, Nathan Bedford Forrest urged Bushrod Johnson to launch an all-out attack on the disorganized troops. [64] Though Buckner had favored George H. Pendleton, he loyally supported the party's nominee throughout the campaign. He was elected governor of Kentucky in 1887. 138, 282–85; Nevin, p. 81; Cooling. "Simon Bolivar Buckner". The Union capture of the Confederate fort near the Tennessee–Kentucky border opened the Cumberland River, an important avenue for the invasion of the South. THE BATTLE AT FORT DONELSON. In Davis, William C., and Julie Hoffman. [6], With the surrender of Fort Henry, the Confederates faced some difficult choices. 258–61; Connelly. [85], At 80 years of age, Buckner memorized five of Shakespeare's plays because cataracts threatened to blind him, but an operation saved his sight. The Confederates responded with shots from their long-range guns and eventually hit the gunboat. Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S. Confederate States presidential election of 1861, Commanding General of the United States Army, 1865–1869, United States presidential election, 1868, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Fort_Donelson&oldid=983383602, Battles of the Federal Penetration up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers of the American Civil War, Battles of the Western Theater of the American Civil War, Union victories of the American Civil War, Battles of the American Civil War in Tennessee, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Hamilton, James J. Despite Grant's earlier orders, Wallace's units moved to the right with Thayer's brigade, giving McClernand's men time to regroup and gather ammunition from Wallace's supplies. During the battle, Johnson, the engineering officer who briefly commanded Fort Donelson in late January, was effectively superseded by Brig. U.S. Grant: Grants response of “immediate and unconditional surrender” was followed by Buckners bitter reply; he would “ accept the ungenerous and unchivalrous terms you … Conditions set forth in Buckner's surrender were the following: The terms of Buckner's parole in Shreveport, Louisiana, on June 9, 1865, prevented his return to Kentucky for three years. At their final council of war in the Dover Hotel at 1:30 a.m. on February 16, Buckner stated that if C.F. The enemy will have to be in a hurry if he gets ahead of me. Smith, and Lew Wallace. After a confrontation between the two generals, Buckner's troops moved out and, combined with the right flank of Pillow's wing, hit W. H. L. Wallace's brigade. "The Battle of Fort Donelson.". Simon B. Buckner (Sr.), was born at Glen Lily, his family's estate near Munfordville, Kentucky. Though he always claimed membership in the Democratic party, he opposed the machine politics of William Goebel, his party's gubernatorial nominee in 1899. (Captain Joseph Dixon of the river batteries had been killed the previous day during Carondelet's bombardment.) [80] In 1912, his health began to fail. He did not believe it adhered to Johnston’s orders. Grant was promoted to major general of volunteers, second in seniority only to Henry W. Halleck in the West. Gen. Daniel S. Donelson, who selected its site and began construction in 1861. When the Democrats again nominated William Jennings Bryan in the 1908 presidential election, Buckner openly supported Bryan's opponent, Republican William Howard Taft. He participated in Braxton Bragg's failed invasion of Kentucky and near the end of the war became chief of staff to Edmund Kirby Smith in the Trans-Mississippi Department. The Union's success also elevated Brig. I propose to move immediately upon your works. He served in this capacity until 1860, when the Guard was incorporated into the Kentucky State Guard's Second Regiment. [21], On February 13, several small probing attacks were carried out against the Confederate defenses, essentially ignoring orders from Grant that no general engagement be provoked. Grant first visited C. F. Smith on the Union left, where Grant ordered the 8th Missouri and the 11th Indiana to the Union right,[17] then rode 7 miles (11 km) over icy roads to find McClernand and Wallace. Despite his misgivings about its defensibility, Johnston agreed to Beauregard's advice that he should reinforce Fort Donelson with another 12,000 men, knowing that a defeat there would mean the inevitable loss of Middle Tennessee and the vital manufacturing and arsenal city of Nashville. The following year, he joined the National Democratic Party, or "Gold Democrats", who favored a gold standard policy over the Free Silver position of the mainline Democrats. (In 1854 Grant was removed from command at a U.S. Army post in California, allegedly because of alcoholism. He participated in the Battle of Chapultepec, the Battle of Belen Gate, and the storming of Mexico City. Altogether, the Union forces numbered nearly 25,000 men, although at the start of the battle, only 15,000 were available. [19] USS Carondelet was the first gunboat to arrive up the river, and she promptly fired numerous shells into the fort, testing its defenses before retiring. [1] Faced with the prospect that his malfeasance would be discovered, Tate absconded with nearly $250,000 of state funds. During the night, Pillow escaped by small boat across the Cumberland. These trenches, located on a commanding ridge and fronted by a dense abatis of cut trees and limbs stuck into the ground and pointing outward,[17] were backed up by artillery and manned by Buckner and his Bowling Green troops on the right (with his flank anchored on Hickman Creek), and Johnson/Pillow on the left (with his flank near the Cumberland River). Noe, p. 70; Stickles, pp. Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell. His division was sent without him to support Longstreet in the Knoxville Campaign, while the remainder of Bragg's army was defeated in the Chattanooga Campaign. [9] Like most former Confederate officers, he petitioned the United States Congress for the restoration of his civil rights as stipulated by the 14th Amendment. The inauguration ceremony was disrupted by the sound of cannon fire from an approaching Union division and the inaugural ball scheduled for that evening was canceled. In 1862, he accepted Ulysses S. Grant's demand for an "unconditional surrender" at the Battle of Fort Donelson. [9] He remained there until late April 1863, when he was ordered to take command of the Army of East Tennessee. [86] His son would later serve in the U.S. Army and be killed at the Battle of Okinawa, making him the highest-ranking American to have been killed by enemy fire during World War II. Januar 1914 in Kentucky, Kentucky) war Offizier des US-Heeres, Generalleutnant des konföderierten Heeres im Sezessionskrieg und Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Kentucky. It was the North’s first major victory of the Civil War, opening the way into the very heart of the Confederacy. Article media libraries that feature this video: American Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant, Union Army, Battle of Fort Donelson, Remembering the American Civil War. Others followed cavalryman Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest across swollen Lick Creek. (Concerned that a similar action might be taken against his wife's property in Chicago, he had previously deeded it to his brother-in-law. Stickles, pp. Lauman's brigade would be the main attack, spearheaded by Col. James Tuttle's 2nd Iowa Infantry. The General Simon Bolivar Buckner, however, argued that they were in a desperate position that was getting worse with the arrival of Union reinforcements. Buckner agreed and Floyd offered to turn over command to his subordinate, Pillow. [8] In 1844 he graduated eleventh in his class of 25 and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment. [57] Smith had instead instructed Buckner to move all the troops to Houston, Texas. Floyd and Buckner did not like the idea of having their troops besieged in Fort Donelson. [88] The following year, he visited his son, who was stationed in Texas, and toured old Mexican–American War battlefields where he had served. [63], Buckner had a keen interest in politics and friends had been urging him to run for governor since 1867, even while terms of his surrender confined him to Louisiana. [24] That August he was twice offered a commission as a brigadier general in the Union Army—the first from general in chief Winfield Scott, and the second from Secretary of War Simon Cameron following the personal order of President Abraham Lincoln—but he declined. Following the Mountain Meadows massacre, a regiment of Illinois volunteers organized for potential service in a campaign against the Mormons. The capture of the fort by Union forces opened the Cumberland River as an avenue of invasion of the South and elevated Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant from an obscure and largely unproven leader to the rank of major general and the nickname “Unconditional Surrender” Grant. "All 'self-disposed persons' who return to 'peaceful pursuits' are assured that may resume their usual avocations . Meanwhile, Grant's force moved 12 miles overland from Fort Henry to Fort Donelson. Ulysses S. Grant, February 16, 1862 February 11-16, 1862 Estimated Casualties: 17,398 total (US 2,331; CS 15,067) After capturing Fort Henry on February 6, 1862, Brig. His reputation for rejecting special interest bills led the Kelley Axe Factory, the largest axe factory in the country at the time, to present him with a ceremonial "Veto Hatchet". Battle of Fort Donelson--Capture of General S.B. Fort Donelson rose about 100 feet (30 m) on approximately 100 acres of dry ground above the Cumberland River, which allowed for plunging fire against attacking gunboats, an advantage Fort Henry did not enjoy. [1] In this capacity, he unsuccessfully sought to extend the governor's appointment powers and levy taxes on churches, clubs, and schools that made a profit. Brigadier General Simon B. Bruckner was the most experienced Southern commander at Fort Donelson, having served a number of years in the Regular Army prior to the Civil War. Ed'. The intention was to open an escape route for retreat to Nashville, Tennessee. That morning, Buckner sent a messenger to the Union Army requesting an armistice and a meeting of commissioners to work out surrender terms. Most of the river transports were currently transporting wounded men to Nashville and would not return in time to evacuate the command. A small force under the command of Col. John T. Wilder guarded the town. USS Louisville was also disabled and the Pittsburg began to take on water. On February 14, the Confederate generals decided they could not hold the fort and planned a breakout, hoping to join with Johnston's army, now in Nashville. In overall command was the influential politician and military novice John B. Floyd; Buckner's peers were Gideon J. Pillow and Bushrod Johnson. Für die Nordstaaten war dieser Erfolg ein strategisch wichtiger Sieg. General Simon Bolivar Buckner Simon Bolivar Buckner, (* 1. [3], Cannons were fired and church bells rung throughout the North at the news. [1] Later that year, he was chosen as a delegate to the state's constitutional convention. Lithograph, hand colored. [45], In late August, Union Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside approached Buckner's position at Knoxville. Gott, pp. 231–35; Woodworth, pp. His gallantry was for naught, however, as Perryville ended in a tactical draw that was costly for both sides, causing Bragg to withdraw and abandon his invasion of Kentucky. Walke retreated several miles below the fort, but soon returned and continued shelling the water batteries. His administration was rocked by scandal when state treasurer James "Honest Dick" Tate absconded with $250,000 from the state's treasury. "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted." In 1903, he supported his son-in-law, Morris Belknap, for governor against Goebel's lieutenant governor, J. C. W. Beckham. But Grant was not Beauregard. [41], Battle of Perryville: Actions in Buckner's sector (~ 3:45 p.m.), Based on intelligence acquired by a spy in Buell's army, Buckner advised Bragg that Buell was still ten miles from Louisville in the town of Mackville. The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought from February 11–16, 1862, in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. [31], The Confederate plan was for Pillow to push McClernand away and take control of Wynn's Ferry and Forge Roads, the main routes to Nashville. He stormed out of the meeting and led about seven hundred of his cavalrymen on their escape from the fort. The whole army is in danger! Buckner vetoed 50 of these. Gens. [22], The state board that controlled the militia considered it to be pro-secessionist and ordered it to store its arms. Shortly after their wedding, he was assigned to Fort Snelling and later to Fort Atkinson on the Arkansas River in present-day Kansas. [65], In 1883, Buckner was a candidate for the Democratic gubernatorial nomination. Grant's brusque reply became one of the most famous quotes of the war, earning him the nickname of "Unconditional Surrender":[49]. On June 14, 1883, Lily Buckner married Morris B. Belknap of Louisville, and the couple made their residence in Louisville. Two years after Fort Donelson, Grant was preparing to assume the title of Lieutenant General, a rank previously held only by George Washington. Grant realized that any success at Fort Donelson would have to be carried by the army without strong naval support, and he wired Halleck that he might have to resort to a siege. By September 17, however, Wilder recognized his difficult position and asked Bragg for proof of the superior numbers he claimed. On October 10 of the same year, Buckner's sister died, and he was left alone. [33] In the meantime, McClernand's ammunition was running out, but his withdrawal was not yet a rout. Gott, pp. The ironclads however, came too close to the fort and were hit and forced to withdraw. The Union troops, unable to sleep in the cold weather, were not caught entirely by surprise, but Grant was. [38], Grant, who was apparently unaware of the battle, was notified by an aide and returned to his troops in the early afternoon. Grant moved his army (later to become the Union's Army of the Tennessee[4]) 12 miles (19 km) overland to Fort Donelson, from February 11 to 13, and conducted several small probing attacks. [70] Buckner was 62; Claiborne was 28. Buckner joined the Aztec Club, and in April 1848 was a part of the successful expedition of Popocatépetl, a volcano southeast of Mexico City. No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. Smith's two-brigade attack quickly seized the outer line of entrenchments on the Confederate right from the 30th Tennessee, commanded by Col. John W. Head, who had been left behind from Buckner's division. [57], Federal Penetration up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers, Preliminary movements and attacks (February 12–13), Reinforcements and naval battle (February 14). [9][26] When his Confederate commission was approved, Union officials in Louisville indicted him for treason and seized his property. Wallace's old brigade of Zouaves (11th Indiana and 8th Missouri), now commanded by Col. Morgan L. Smith, and others from McClernand's and Wallace's divisions were chosen to lead the attack. Simon Bolivar Buckner (April 1, 1823 – January 8, 1914) was an American soldier and politician who fought in the United States Army in the Mexican–American War and in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. [15] The Union forces proceeded about 5 miles (8 km) on the two main roads leading between the two forts. "[40], Despite the successful morning attack, access to an open escape route, and to the amazement of Floyd and Buckner, Pillow ordered his men back to their trenches by 1:30 p.m. Buckner confronted Pillow, and Floyd intended to countermand the order, but Pillow argued that his men needed to regroup and resupply before evacuating the fort. It was the North’s first major victory of the Civil War, opening the way into the very heart of the Confederacy. [48] Bragg retaliated by reducing Buckner to division command and abolishing the Department of East Tennessee. Now a widower, Buckner continued to live in Louisville until 1877 when he and his daughter Lily returned to the family estate, Glen Lily, in Munfordville. Bragg was also forced from Chattanooga and joined Buckner at Chickamauga. Gens. The damage to the fleet was significant and it retreated downriver. Smith formed his two remaining brigades to make an attack. His defeatism carried the meeting. I shall take and destroy Fort Donelson on the 8th and return to Fort Henry. [23], With Floyd's arrival to take command of Fort Donelson, Pillow took over leading the Confederate left. The Union brigades of Cols. McClernand's division made up the right of Grant's army with C.F. Pillow immediately declined and passed command to Buckner, who agreed to stay behind and surrender. 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