Can you please clarify? This may be preferable, as this way not all of the sago will be killed off so it can still help filter out pollutants, keep the water clear of turbidity, and provide habitat for those minnows and any other fish that may be there. You can also utilize barely straw, which exudes a chemical as it breaks down that deters algal growth. The solution can be mixed into the pond or lake using an agitator, or sprayed over the water with a broadcast spreader. Maybe you mean a total of 10 pound should be applied to a one-acre pond. The American Journal of Public Health recommends using copper sulfate in swimming pools only as a method to control growth of algae; therefore it should not be used as part of your regular pool chemical treatment. Alternatively, you can control algae by a variety of more natural means. However, too much algae or the wrong type of algae (like filamentous algae and cyanobacteria) can wreak havoc, leading to decreased oxygen supply, green, scummy water, and possibly fish kills. Spot treatments of one-quarter of the pond over three to four-day intervals may lower algae densities without consuming all the dissolved oxygen. If copper sulfate or other herbicides are the only management tool used on algae, I sell Copper Sulfate for water treatment plants to keep algae under control in the basins and kill algae coming in from the source water. as it’s carried on the wind effortlessly due to its tiny size. I spread 7.5 lbs each on two different occurances. Copper sulfate treatments between 2.5 and 5 ppm copper sulfate were effective in killing snails throughout the water column with minimal risk to the health of the fish. ft.) $125.00 Copper Sulfate - 50 pounds* (treats 5 acres) $169.00 + $30 Hazmat = $199.00. You’ll need to remove the algae either manually or with a vacuum to prevent oxygen depletion. Copper and chlorine are two good and readily available options. If there are fish in the pond and the algae and aquatic plants cover a pond suddenly, copper … A first person speech about wanting to understand pond maintenance. It won’t, however, kill off any existing algae, so this is best used as a preventative method. Mixing the crystals with water prior to application simply aids in dispersing the product, and not dilution. There are a few options that have slow release rates that have been found to be pretty effective at killing sago for several months, but the slow release of chemical means that fish and other plants are at a low risk of being impacted. In most trials, pond A general overview of the yellow grub fish parasite and how to eliminate the pest from ponds. Any copper sulfate we sell is 99% pure. It is recommended that you dilute the copper sulfate as much as possible and take great care when distributing it, avoiding the creation of areas with higher concentrations, commonly known as “hot spots.” 139 Agricultural Hall can grow back quickly following herbicide applications. Learn the results of a survey about common pond problems. With that said, there is a certain application that is necessary to use copper based products and ones where it is absolutely not necessary or even recommended to use copper based products. In 1956, copper sulfate was registered for use as a pesticide in the United States. I would also treat one side, wait a week and then do the other side of the pond. To disperse more directly and not worry about wind, you can use jets and hoses to inject it directly into the water. Keeping oxygen levels to a minimum of 6 ppm will provide a healthy environment for your fish while also helping to minimize algal growth. Liquid copper sulfate is best applied by using a broadcast sprayer. Some fish species (like plecos and Siamese algae eaters) are also known to consume algae and have been successfully used to treat slight to moderate algae issues while preventing future overgrowths. Again, pay close attention to the product label! Many local farm stores and online supply sources keep copper sulfate crystals (aka Was this answer helpful to you? What is Copper Sulfate (Copper Sulphate) Used For? Determine how much copper sulfate you need. If you don't keep fish in your pond, you can apply copper sulfate safely as long as the total alkalinity is above 20 parts per million. Again, do not exceed a maximum of 2 ppm, depending on your water’s alkalinity (if the alkalinity is less than 50 ppm, don’t apply any copper products at all!). Crystal Blue Copper Sulfate can be applied using 2 1 / 2 to 4 lbs per acre foot. Should I Buy (or Retain) Stockers to Graze Wheat Pasture? Alkalinity values below 50 mg/l are This will result in a concentration of 0.5 to 1.0 ppm of dissolved copper. It also readily soaks up excess nutrients like phosphorous and helps prevent algae and bacterial blooms, while the roots stabilize the sediment and prevent erosion or cloudy water. Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy | Contact | About, Guide to Copper Sulfate for Ponds & Lakes (Application, Dosing & Toxicity). With the latter method, wind direction and speed is key – you would not want to spray the chemical on a day with high wind speeds, or wind that is blowing away from the pond or lake. Fish treated with copper sulfate at approved rates are safe for Copper sulfate is an eff… Figure 1. Treatments can be combined with spray or bubble aeration to alleviate low oxygen problems. Dissolve the required amount of copper sulfate in a plastic container and pour the solution into the pool. It’s water soluble so it breaks down quickly and easily when placed in water. The first occurance was about 2 months ago, then again 2 weeks later. to identify the problem plant and determine a prudent application rate. The liquid variety only treats the first 1 to 3 feet of water, so is best suited to treating floating surface algae. However, improper application of copper sulfate can create more problems than it solves. For this reason, an OSU Irrigation Water test is recommended so Total Alkalinity can into harmless chemicals. This includes hand raking and vacuuming, which can be time intensive depending on the size of the water body and the extent of algal growth, but will have virtually no adverse impact on the ecosystem. A quick reference the most important issues when using aquatic herbicides. Copper sulfate can be picked up from specialist retailers within the agriculture industry, or can be easily purchased online for extra convenience. They Marley Beem, Copper Sulfate – An Often Overused Chemical in Pond Management. If looking for EPA labeled copper sulfate simply add EPA to your search on Amazon. Crystal, or granular, copper sulfate should typically be dosed at five pounds per acre. I couldn’t tell from your description if I should use a total of 5 pounds for the entire pond – or split the 5 pounds to accomplish dosing the pond over 2 applications. Ponds and lakes face significant challenges in sustaining a healthy ecosystem. Additional measures to be considered in combination Copper sulfate was applied to five lakes at cumulative rates upo to 1647 kg/ha (1470 1b/acre), totaling 1.5 million kilograms. to use it. Water that has been contaminated with copper sulfate can be harmful to crops, animals, and people. Yes, copper sulfate is toxic to plants. The application varies depending on how much water you treating. Granular/Crystal Copper Sulfate Application: Copper Sulfate Fish Toxicity – What Are Alternatives? Some products offered by Sanco Industries such as copper sulfate granulars and liquid copper work hard and efficiently in destroying algae in whatever body of water they are applied to. To use copper sulfate, it should be first dissolved in water. After weighing the amount of copper sulfate needed to treat the volume of your water, mix it in water, making sure that it all dissolves. I can add it directly to the tank but believe it would get diluted and therefore be less effective. combined with other management methods. Copper sulfate is much heavier than water, and if you just throw the crystals or powder into the pond, it will sink to the bottom where pond muds will chemically bind with it, locking it up. Depending on where you’re located, you may be able to purchase some triploid grass carp, which will readily eat the weeds (but usually won’t do much in the first year as they adjust to the new habitat) – but you’ll have to make certain that these are legal to have in your area, and be sure to get only the triploid variety as these are sterile and cannot breed out of control. It is recommended to treat your dugouts in the spring, summer, and fall or two times of the year. Appreciate the suggestion! ft.) $39.95 Copper Sulfate 15 pounds (treats 60,000 sq. I’ll look into creating an article on naiad in future. Learn how your comment data is processed. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. L-466, Aquatic Herbicides: Essential Information for New Applicators, Aquatic Herbicides: Essential Information for New Applicators, Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. Apply 1 to 2 lbs. In terms of chemical options, I’d use these as a last resort to minimize damage to the ecosystem. Furthermore, if not mixed and diluted in water prior to application, copper sulfate will simply sink to the bottom of the water and bind to mud and substrate, where it will simply sit and either not help at all or suddenly release when conditions are right and cause damage since it won’t be controlled. The United State Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set a copper sulfate limit of 1 ppm in any drinking water, which is not a toxic amount to any individual. Neve… Work with the local Extension educator or other qualified professional Copper is seldom effective against weeds other than algae. Data collected since treatment of the Fairmont Lakes began in 1921 provide alarming insights into lake responses to sustained chemical treatment with copper sulfate. Stillwater, OK 74078 (map)(405) 744-5398 | Contact Us, By Decay of plant material uses scarce dissolved oxygen, leading Marley BeemAssistant Extension Specialist, Natural Resources and Aquaculture. The weeds we are trying to control are sago pond weeds I think! 361 to restock fish after a rotenone been excluded from this publica-Aquatic Weed Management - Herbi-chlorine, or hydrated lime treat- tion. I could add one and then administer the copper sulfate here but am unsure of the most appropriate way to do so. You would mix 5 pounds of granular copper sulfate with 3 gallons of hot water, then spray it over half of your pond, wait a few days, and spray the other half. with copper sulfate include: Choose only those measures which fit the pond circumstances and the owner’s preferences. Copper sulfate crystals can be fine or coarse. simple plants with the capacity to rapidly reproduce and become overabundant. However, improper application of copper sulfate can create more problems than it Lake and Pond management Don't Use Copper Sulfate!! Copper-based liquid aquatic herbicides offer some advantages If you have any of these in your freshwater aquarium, you should not use copper sulfate to treat a snail infestation because they will die too. (Hibernation Explained). Say, for example, that you have a one acre pond. When organisms such as algae become a problem in private or commercial fish ponds, copper sulfate treatment provides an inexpensive solution. Some familiar filamentous algae species are blanketweed or watersilk (spirogyra), horsehair algae (pithophora), and cotton algae (cladophora). In some areas, copper sulfate may be used to line drain or sewage pipes to prevent roots from growing in them and causing clogs. L-466, Aquatic Herbicides: Essential Information for New Applicators. Be certain of the identity When organisms such as algae become a problem in private or commercial fish ponds, copper sulfate treatment provides an inexpensive solution. Greenway Biotech, Inc. Copper Sulfate could be used to open up your pipes, toilet, and clean up your ponds/pools and make them look beautiful again without hurting the eco-system. It … Crystal copper sulfate can be used to treat both surface as well as submerged algae and weeds, as the granules will sink to the bottom as they dissolve. Liquid copper sulfate is more concentrated, and typically used when there are large quantities of algae. For example, some algal organisms, like diatoms, produce oxygen; as much as 40% of the oxygen that we breathe and depend upon for life is produced by diatoms. Copper sulfate contains copper as well as sulfur, and is available in crystal (or granular), liquid, and powder form. -Hydrothol granular herbicide (label information here: https://www.midwestaquacare.com/media/wysiwyg/pdfs/Hydrothol-granular-label.pdf) -Aquathol Super K granular herbicide (faster release, and will harm other plants, but doesn’t persist in the environment long enough to harm fish: http://www.cdms.net/ldat/ld2AE004.pdf) -Copper sulfate has also been found to be fairly effective against sago pondweed. As the least costly aquatic herbicide, copper sulfate pentahydrate (Figure 1) is widely You can find commercially available liquid copper sulfate in small bottles that are sold as stock tank cleaners. The recommended amounts of copper sulphate required for varying water depths when fish are present. Crystal, or granular, copper sulfate should typically be dosed at five pounds per acre. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Copper sulfate, otherwise known as bluestone, is sometimes used in swimming pools as an algaecide. Copper sulfate is most efficient in water temperatures of 60°F or higher. Blue-green algae can increase a lot after several weeks of treatment. This would be the equivalent of a quarter liquid ounce of the product per 275 gallons of water. Copper sulfate, a pesticide used to respond to a wide variety of pests, can be unsafe to fish in ponds or other bodies of water. Glad to hear you found the article helpful! Dosing for Granular Copper: Application for Granular Copper on a 1 acre pond: 5lbs per acre foot Mix 5lbs of granular copper sulfate with 3 gallons of hot water. Pondinformer.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, amazon.ca, and amazon.co.uk. Copper sulfate, also known as bluestone, is an inexpensive herbicide and algaecide with a variety of applications. If you have a one acre pond, you would split that 5 pound dose in half and use 2.5 pounds in two different applications. If your water is below 60°, you’ll need to apply a greater dose of the chemical for it to work, as algae will be less responsive to the product below this temperature. Email this product to a friend. Copper sulfate powder, or dust, is very small and therefore easily distributed. Again, no more than one half of the lake or pond should be treated at a time. In fish ponds, do not mix in more than .4 ppm of copper sulfate, or your fish may become ill or possibly die. Applying on a relatively still, calm day is safest and most efficient. Many of the liquid copper sulfate varieties are listed as not being safe for koi, goldfish, or trout ponds, so be sure to pay close attention the label before you purchase or apply it. Lake and Pond management Copper sulfate uses, not safe for swimming. The water should be above 60°F, but below 100°F, to ensure that the copper sulfate breaks down as normally as possible without releasing potentially harmful secondary compounds. ), but they do still have a great deal of value to fish and waterfowl via providing shelter and food. Approximately one pound of straw for every 2,000 gallons of water will work just fine, making sure that you break apart and fluff up the straw so that water can still flow through it and not lead to water stagnation. I would also lean towards applying a conservative amount of CS rather than a liberal amount. The water is high in salinity. Sago can become very weedy (as you’re obviously aware! Hello, I have an 1/2 acre pond with an average depth around 6 feet. Does Copper Sulfate Kill Fish?. But it is more often used to clear sewer lines of invasive tree roots, which can burst pipes and lead to costly repairs if left untreated. Decay of plant material uses scarce dissolved oxygen, leading to fish suffocation. When dry, copper sulfate is stable indefinitely. By properly assessing the swimming pool's alkalinity, you can add the appropriate amount of copper sulfate to a s… General advice on use of aquatic herbicides can be found in Extension publication into the water column. 15 lbs around the perimeter might be a little much for a single treatment. to fish suffocation. but are a more expensive alternative. A treatment of too much copper sulphate can be toxic to blue-green algae. Purchased in the form of small white or dyed blue crystals, this commonly found product can be used to clear potentially harmful algae out of ponds, lakes, and pools. These will incorporate oxygen into the water while also keeping the water moving; algae is able to thrive in still, low oxygen waters. of Copper Sulfate Crystal per 60,000 gals. practice over multiple years. 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