Vol. About this time, Taniura arranged for medical care for the people of Keuea Village who had come under attack from Japanese bombers. Makin Atoll is a triangle-shaped formation of reefs and islands, the largest of which is named Butaritari. The Gilbert Islands were the first step in this chain. In August 1942, the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion conducted the Makin Island raid in the Central Pacific. No reply was received, and so Abe sent another request seeking an urgent decision. About the Ship's Name: USS MAKIN ISLAND is the second ship in the Navy to honor the daring raid carried out by Marine Corps Companies A and B, Second Raider Battalion, on Japanese-held Makin Island, in the Gilbert Islands, Aug. 17-18, 1942. In September, an inspection mission was sent out by Tokyo, the Southern Defense Inspection Mission, which visited several Japanese bases in Micronesia. Master swordsmen from among the Marshall Islands Area Defense Unit were selected as the executioners. Japanese presence on the island was relatively light. The craters in particular stymied tank support of the Red Beach forces by the light tanks of the 193rd Tank Battalion when the lead M3 light tank became partially submerged in a shellhole and blocked passage of all the vehicles behind it. As told from Japanese sources, this story relates the capture of the nine men on Makin, their interrogation, transfer to Kwajalein Atoll, and the reason why they were executed there. The attack, which occurred on August 17-18, 1942, was designed to draw attention away from another U.S. Marine attack on Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. The executions were performed according to Japanese tradition, and the bodies were buried in a pit with local wild flowers offered to the spirits of the deceased. 27th Division World War Two. The Japanese explanation as to why and how these prisoners were put to death is as follows. The invasion fleet, Task Force 52 (TF 52) commanded by Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner left Pearl Harbor on 10 November 1943. 7: Aleutians, Gilberts and Marshalls, June 1942 – … The attack on the Liscome Bay accounted for the majority of American casualties in the Battle of Makin. When the Japanese occupied the island, used the Makin Lagoon as a seaplane operating area for H6K Mavis and H8K Emily flying boats. Bibliography: The Capture of Makin (20-24 November 1943), Center of Military History United States Army; Samuel Eliot Morison: History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. ww2dbase Sources: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships War History of USS Makin Island In April 1943, the 27th Infantry Division had begun preparing for amphibious operations. King, the Chief of Naval Operations, wanted to attack right into the heart of the Japanese outer defense perimeter, but any plan for assaulting the Marshalls directly from Pearl Harbor would have required more troops and transports than the Pacific Fleet had at the time. The Japanese garrison only posted 83 to 160 men under the command of a warrant officer. Although the raiders had lost 30 men, they had killed approximately 46 Japanese. Taniura Hideo’s Accounts: What Happened to the Captured Marines. Makin has a land area of 6.7 km² and a population of 1,798 (census of 2010). Selecting the Gilbert Islands as the first target, planning moved forward for landings on several islands including Tarawa and Makin Atoll. He was one of the most highly respected officers in the U. S. Army of the time. The Japanese moved their prisoners to Kwajalein Atoll, where they were later beheaded. The operation was codenamed "Operation Galvanic. The overall total of 763 American dead almost equalled the number of men in the entire Japanese garrison. They would neutralize the small Japanese garrison and destroy equipment before leaving the island and returning aboard the submarines. ", On 4 September the U.S. 5th Fleet's amphibious troops were designated the V Amphibious Corps and placed under Marine Corps Major General Holland M. Smith. In August 1942, the 2nd Marine Raider Battalion conducted the Makin Island raid in the Central Pacific. The total population of Makin is 1,798 (2010 Census). In 1942 the island had a small, roughly 160 man garrison, and was the site of a Japanese Airfield. The matter was discussed when the visiting mission arrived on October 14, and Abe was informed by Okada that with regard to the three suggested options for dealing with the prisoners, General Headquarters had responded that transport was extremely difficult at the time and, furthermore, it was impossible to estimate the area of large-scale advancement of U.S. forces; under the circumstances, transfer to Japan from a distant location such as Kwajalein was impossible; therefore, there was no option other than to dispose of the prisoners locally. Jr., J. 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